Hauptseminar Porous Media SS 2021/ab initio MD

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Density functional theory based MD
Azade Yazdanyar


Due the complexities of the Schrödinger's equation, it can only be analytically solved for very simple systems or with rigorous simplifications, for example, the time-independent solution. DFT, on the other hand, uses the electron density to describe the energy state of the system, and is much simpler to obtain than the wavefunction.

In this topic, we aim to introduce the fundamentals of Density Functional Theory (DFT), which allow us to understand the electronic structure of matter. We will start by discussing the Schrödinger's equation. The underlying schemes such as Hohenberg-Kohn and Kohn-Sham, the Born-Oppenheimer approximation and the development of various exchange-correlation functionals will be presented.

This is the first talk from a three-part series. In order to adhere to a consistent theme, the discussion will mainly revolve around the potential energy surface.

Main points to be discussed

  • The many-body problem
  • The electronic structure and the Schrödinger equation
  • The Hohenberg-Kohn density functional theory
  • The Kohn-Sham ansatz
  • The Born-Oppenheimer approximation
  • Exchange-correlation functionals
  • Performance, accuracy and challenges


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