dielectric relaxation Disordered Systems Glasses Transport Processes

Excess wing physics and nearly constant loss in glasses

R. Hilfer

Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment 2019, 104007 (2019)

submitted on
Friday, May 31, 2019

Excess wings and nearly constant loss are almost universal nonequilibrium phenomena in glass formers. Both lack an accepted theoretical foundation. A model-free and unified theoretical description for these phenomena is presented that encompasses also fast β-processes, emergent Debye peaks, and the relaxation strength of the boson peak. The theory is model-free in the same way as the classical Debye relaxation equation for orientational polarisation. It is based on generalizing time flow from translation semigroups to composite time translation-convolution semigroups. Composite translation-convolution fits have less parameters than traditional fits. They need only one dynamic scaling exponent, while four are needed in Havriliak-Negami fits. For glycerol the single dynamic exponent in the translation-convolution fit is found to be temperature-independent.

For more information see