Porous Media Two-Phase Flow

Macroscopic Capillarity and Hysteresis for Flow in Porous Media

R. Hilfer

Physical Review E 73, 016307 (2006)

submitted on
Friday, May 27, 2005

A macroscopic theory for capillarity in porous media is presented, challenging the established view that capillary pressure and relative permeability are constitutive parameter functions. The capillary pressure function in the present theory is not an input parameter but an outcome. The theoretical approach is based on introducing the residual saturations explicitly as state variables [as in Phys. Rev. E 58, 2090 (1998)]. Capillary pressure and relative permeability functions are predicted to exist for special cases. They exhibit hysteresis and process dependence as known from experiment.

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